翻译：Developments of Medical Insurance in China
翻译：At the beginning of 1994, the System Reform and Development Commission of the State Council spearheaded the founding of the Pilot Office for Reform of Medical Insurance for Staff in Cities and Towns. Upon the approval of the State Council and in the light of the spirits of Document [TGF (1994) No.51] entitled “Opinions on Setup of Pilot Points for Medical System Reform for Staff” jointly formulated by the State Commission for Economic Restructuring, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Public Health, the Commission selected Zhenjiang City of Jiangsu and Jiujiang City of Jiangxi as pilot points for reform of medical security system for staff aiming at covering all labor forces in the cities and towns, which combines socially pooled medical funds with personal contributions. In 1996, such points were extended to more than 40 cities nationwide. While carefully summarizing the experiences gained from the pilot points for reform of medical insurance system in all localities, the State Council on December 14, 1998 officially promulgated Decision of the State Council on Setup of Medical Insurance System for Staff in Cities and Towns (GF (1998) No.44), which symbolized a new historical stage for the reform of medical insurance system for staff in China.
翻译：By twelve years of unremitting efforts, periodic achievements have been obtained in the reform of medical insurance system in China up to 2006: a whole set of medical insurance policy system has come into being, and basic medical insurance system for staff in cities and towns that conforms to the national situation of China has been basically set up; the miniature of multi-layered medical security system is preliminarily established; medical insurance covers a bigger and bigger range; the system runs stably in general, the income and expenditure of medical insurance fund strikes a balance; the basic medical demand of participants in the insurance is secured; sharing mechanism of medical insurance expense and competitive mechanism of medical services basically have come into existence and played a fundamental roles; the dead hand that medical resources are seriously wasted and medical expense is increased too fast under the traditional system is somewhat curtailed; and a series of medical insurance theories and viewpoints with Chinese characteristics have been formed. The reform of medical insurance system is proceeded to offer essential conditions and important guarantee for deepening reform of state-owned enterprises, developing socialist market economy, and setting up and improving social security system.