As a 4-A tourist attraction, Lugu Lake is located between Yanyuan County, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province and Ninglang Yi Autonomous County, Lijiang City of Yunnan Province. The lake has a water spread area of over 50 square kilometers, an elevation of 2,690 meters above the sea level and an average depth of 45 meters. The maximum depth in the lake is 93 meters. The transparency below its surface reaches 11 meters and the maximum visibility amounts to 12 meters. With its clear and blue water, it is the highest lake in Yunnan Province and also one of the deepest freshwater lakes in China. The lake has five islands, three peninsulas, and one island linked to a seawall. With different shapes, they look like green jades. The lake is encircled with steep hills and is covered with snow for more than three months a year. It has rich forest resource, green hills, limpid waters, fresh air and charming landscapes. Therefore, it is called “The Mother Lake” by the local Mosuos. Also it is called “The Penglai Fairyland”. With warm winters and cool summers, its climate is like spring all the year round. Its average monthly temperature is roughly 17 Celsius degrees and it has little rainfall. In the appealing lake and hills, the Mosuos live. They inherit the matriarchal culture, which is rare both inside and outside this country. The unique Azu marriage, a natural and primitive custom, adds a mysterious and beautiful atmosphere to this ancient land, which is called “the Magic Kingdom of Women in the Orient”. People are appealed by its natural ecological beauty as well as its unique customs. There are tender and kind Mosuo girls, simple and handsome young men, melodious songs… in addition, there are many fantastic foods and drinks with endless aftertaste, including sweet Tibet butter tea, mellow Sulima beer and delicious fat pork. This is people's ideal kingdom, which has fairy landscapes, harmonious interpersonal relationship, leisure life free of any pressure and competition. It helps you forget the choking air of metropolis and spend pleasant holidays quietly with your families.
Lugu Lake has four grass seas in different sizes. The lake is embellished with the grass seas which increase beauty and brilliance by mutual reflection. The beauty of the grass seas, one of the great landscapes in the lake, is embodied in the grass, the seas, the water, the birds, the bridge and the people. The grass seas mainly spread to the northern border and northeastern border of the lake. There are two seas in Sichuan and Yunnan respectively. However, in Sichuan are situated the largest two seas, whose coverage is about 7 square kilometers and both of which lie to the two sides of Luguhu Town, Yanyuan County of Sichuan Province.
During autumn and winter seasons, a great amount of birds migrate to the grass seas with wild ducks accounting for the largest population. During these seasons, a great amount of birds are found here, which presents the scene in which birds are not disturbed by people's arrival. Visitors who row deep into the grass seas will find wild ducks in their natural habitat, searching for food or simply playing, and yet more ducks in the skies overhead add a dynamic element to the otherwise serene scene.
The bridge across the grass seas is beautiful. The two sides of the grass seas are connected with a bridge, which divides the seas in two parts. The bridge is made of wood and below it are the green grass seas. A poetic picture is formed with birds flying overhead, insects buzzing in the green grass, pig-trough boats gliding across the bridge, and people dressed in various ethnic costumes walking on the bridge.
People by the grass seas are more beautiful. The primary inhabitant of the grass seas is the Mosuos. A small number of Yi, Han, and Tibetans also live here. All nationalities here form a large and harmonious family. They live together with the grass seas throughout many summers and winters. Here, they work, graze their cattle, find romance and give birth... People here take the grass seas as their habitat. Songs from the lake are frequently heard. A splendid scene is found, in which people with various ethnic costumes are carrying water, washing clothes, planting grass.